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Biological Science

Biological Science

BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES is an exciting and rapidly developing subject area. The study of living things has undergone tremendous expansion in recent years, and topics such as cell biology, neuroscience, evolutionary biology and ecology are advancing rapidly.
This expansion has been accompanied by a blurring of the distinctions between disciplines: a biologist with an interest in tropical plants may well use many of the tools and techniques that are indispensable to a molecular geneticist.

About Zoology

"Zoology has always been interesting to me. Nature is fascinating"

~Nicolas Cage

Zoology is the study of animals, their behavior, physiology and evolution, as well as their interactions with each other and their environment. Zoologists study how animals evolved and the impact of environmental change on their survival. They also study costs and benefits of conservation and ways to enhance species survival. It is just a basic and classical concept of our Zoology Department.
Welcome to the Zoology under the Biological Science Department, Midnapore City College, established in 2017. In spite of being young, our department is trying hard to develop in all perspectives. The faculties of the dept. are enriched with research experiences from different science background. They are very hard working, enthusiastic and student friendly. Many renowned Scientists and Professors teach as visiting professor in our dept. and share their valuable knowledge with our students. They also motivate our students in research work and counsel them for their carrier opportunity. We encourage our students for CSIR-UGC NET and other top level research eligibility test.
Our promise to our students is to complete the whole syllabus with deeper knowledge and we give importance on practical syllabus and impart good understanding to everyone. Our practical lab is highly equipped and sample availability is in adequate amount. As our college is situated in an eco-friendly environment, so nature study and zoological research is easily possible. Besides, we encourage the interest of our students in basic biology linked to Zoology. Our aim is also to develop ethics and morality of students toward biodiversity to save our nature.

About Botany

"Botany is the science in which plants are known by their alises"

~Anonymous

Welcome to the Botany under the Biological Science Department. With the challenges posed by environmental issues on existing flora, the significance and scope of Botany have widened. Growing world population continues to increase the need for better food supplies. Environmental concerns, such as air, water and soil pollution, will create openings for ecologists in government and industry. The search for new drugs and medicines and useful genes for improving crop plants will continue to create a need for botanical explorers.
Keeping pace with the advanced knowledge, the Department has been updating the curriculum from time to time and has recently introduced the Choice Based Credit System. The Department has sufficient infrastructure facilities and expert staff members in different fields of Plant Sciences. Students are taken to botanical gardens, herbariums, museums, research institutes which help them to understand about plant diversity, plant taxonomy and state of the art research that is being carried out in different labs of repute.
The department has highly qualified, dedicated and enthusiastic faculty. The faculty members are mostly engaged in research and publication to add immense value to the academic life. They provide student counseling to ensure multi-dimensional development of the students. The department mainly focuses on the areas like plant physiology, plant biochemistry, stress physiology, plant nutrition, cancer chemoprevention using natural plant products, and mycorrhizal biology. The department takes a conscious effort to expand and its teaching program bringing together novel development in the field with traditional areas of Botany through field excursion and projects. The students are coached and encouraged through remedial teaching and academic guidance. A career in Botany might just be one of the most preferred careers in India. Botany as a subject is related to the study of plants and a career in it would mean studying in depth about fungi, algae, plants, diseases, growth, metabolism and structure between different groups. When planning a career in Botany, the job profile can include study of plants, research, working with industries, teaching, self-employment, and being a part of many more fields. A person who works in this field is called as a botanist. It will be the job of the botanist to study plant life along with finding solutions to problems related to that of forest and agriculture. There are also botanists who deal with space travel agriculture, artificial environments, hydroponics and various other interesting areas of research.
There are courses like Bachelor of Science in Botany, Bachelor of Science (Hons) in Botany, Master of Science in Botany, Master of Science in Botany and Forestry which one can study under the field of Botany and later be a part of this vast field and one should specialize in a particular field to be able to share his/her expertise on a particular subject. Some of the specializations available for botany are:
Cytology, Genetics, Lichenology, Economic botany, Palynology, Palaeobotany, Bryology, Ethnobotany, Phycology, Photochemistry, Forestry, Plant morphology, Phytopathology, Plant anatomy, Plant physiology, Plant genetics, Agronomy, Horticulture, Plant ecology, Plant systematic. After completing their bachelor’s education in Botany, a candidate can look forward to being a part of the industry by working as a technician, whereas, a candidate after completing his/her master’s education can look forward to working with some industry giants or being a part of good research teams. The amount of diversity in the field of Botany gives it students to choose their specializations as per their choice, aptitude and interests. There is huge scope of being a part of this industry merely keeping in mind the amount of diversity it has to offer. One can be a part of any reputed organization as a plant explorer, conservationist, ecologist, environment consultant, horticulturist, plant biochemist, nursery manager, genetics, molecular biologist, taxonomist, plant pathologist, environmental consultant and farming consultant.

About Nutrition

"Our food should be our medicine and our medicine should be our food"

~Hippocrates

Welcome to the Nutrition under the Biological Science Department was established as an interdisciplinary department of study to offer course on Nutrition and Dietetics from the academic session of 2017-18. The department carries out research in areas of food science, food technology, food processing and Nutrition. The emphasis of the department is interdisciplinary study with social relevance. Nutrition is a contemporary issue, and the connection between diet and health is becoming increasingly important. The diet of the population is key to preventing illnesses including diabetes, heart disease and cancer. The knowledge and skills gathered by students of B. Sc (Hons) and M. Sc on Nutritional Sciences will prepare them to pursue a career in Nutrition, public health, health promotion or food product development. Nutritional science is internationally renowned for research on diet and health, metabolism ageing and disease and global food security.
In the course of green revolution, India has stirred from food scare to food secure country. India has also come a long way improving the nutritional status of the citizens through research and development as well as through various intervention programmes. However, in spite of all the developments, prevalent malnourishment continues to hamper the development. In the last decade, problem of obesity and metabolic disorder has spreaded rapidly, posing new challenges to the policy makers as well as scientists. In the recent years, focus has been increased on food processing sector and food technology has been identified by Government of India as sun rise sector due to its rapid growth, immense growth potential and its contribution to the development of the country as a whole.
Further, to cater to the needs of quality trained manpower with necessary professional skills in food industry as well as health sector and to educate work force in the field of food science and nutrition, post graduate course in Nutrition and Dietetics was offered in the academic year 2017-18. Faculties of the Department are involved in active research and constantly interact with the industry and community. In addition, they also participate in advisory capacity tendering technical advice to governmental agencies and food industry. Department welcomes prospective students to come and study in the department and also welcomes the scientists and food industry to partner in the research and development activities to develop joint programmes.

About Agriculture

“You can’t build a peaceful world on empty stomachs and human misery.”

~ Dr. Norman Ernest Borlaug

Agriculture is derived from two Latin words ager or agri meaning soil and cultura or Cultus meaning cultivation. Agriculture is an applied science which encompasses all aspects of crop production including horticulture, livestock rearing, fisheries, forestry, etc.
Agriculture is defined in the Agriculture act (1947), as including “horticulture, fruit growing, seed growing, dairy farming and livestock breeding and keeping, the use of land as grazing land, meadow land, osier land, market gardens and nursery grounds, and the use of land for woodlands where that use ancillary to the farming of land for Agricultural purposes”.
Welcome to our department of Agriculture, Midnapore City College; we train students in the field of Agriculture. Theoretical as well as practical training is imparted to the candidates in sub specialities viz. Agronomy, Genetics & Plant Breeding, Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry, Entomology, Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Engineering, Plant Pathology, Horticulture, Food Science, Agricultural Extension, Biochemistry/ Physiology/ Microbiology/ Environmental Studies, Statistics, Computer Application & I.P.R, Animal Production so that they can participate in good crop production as well as farmers in grass root level. They are introduced to basic research methodology so that they can conduct fundamental and applied research. They also impart farmers training methods in the subject which may enable them to take up in research in Agricultural Colleges/Institutes.
As a nation we have gone ahead in many respects. But there are still areas, which demand attention, care and concern. The area identified by our think-tanks is “Indian Council of Agricultural Research”. This course will provide trained, qualified, technical personnel in the field of Agriculture to support the farmers and their profession. At the end of the course the students should be able to: Establish good number of services in various fields in agro based companies and different sectors related to agriculture. They will be able to plan, execute and evaluate teaching assignments and research work in Agriculture. The students assigned to a specialized area of work in a large field. In fields they may refer variety of trials. They can also work as Laboratory manager/ Agriculture officer/ Agricultural administrative officer, Agriculture field officer, Agricultural technology manager, Agricultural zonal manager, Agricultural consultant, educational director, Food safety officer, etc.